The Multidisciplinary Institute for Enterprise (IME) has a Unit of Excellence, ‘Economic Management for Sustainability’ (GECOS), recognized by the University of Salamanca. This is the only Unit of Excellence in Salamanca in the area of Social Sciences (and one of the few in Spain). The objective of GECOS is to promote the research excellence of the members of the unit, through the incorporation to the same of candidates with the abilities and the initiative to develop high quality research.

If you are interested in joining a high-level research team and can contribute to it by providing a distinctive and complementary approach, we have a place for you at IME. Currently, there are 2 open calls to access to IME.

  • On the one hand, there is a Program for Attracting Scientific Talent to the city of Salamanca, which envisages hiring 5 excellent researchers. See the call summary and the information note to collaborate with IME. The deadline is on 30 September.
  • On the other hand, IME also offers a contract for an excellent researcher, with an annual duration that can be extended up to 4 years. See the call for the contract (coming soon) and the information note containing the keys of the call.

The priority line of research of the GECOS Excellence Unit is to study how economic management for sustainability can create value in companies, and through them throughout society. According to the idea that the name of the Multidisciplinary Institute for Enterprises (IME) suggests, we have created a research group (GECOS) with which we intend to give an interdisciplinary approach to our research. The aim is to deal with the major challenges facing society, linking the economic management of organizations with the environment and social welfare. In this way we can deal with the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainability.

For more information about GECOS, you can consult the following documents, which detail both the previous work of the group of researchers that make up the unit and the vision and future activities it intends to develop:

  • Common aspects of research lines.
  • Shared infrastructures and scientific resources.
  • Organization model of the unit.
  • Collaborations with national or international centres.
  • Activities to improve international positioning.
  • Activities to improve impact.

IME as a whole develops several lines of research with which to obtain solutions to the problems posed by institutions and companies from different perspectives, given their multidisciplinary nature. Below is a catalogue of the research lines (and specific topics within them) that IME is developing. For any questions, please contact us.


Business Creation and Business Innovation

  • GEM (Global Entrepreneurship Monitor) Observatory, institutional framework and business creation, social capital and discovery of opportunities.
  • Constitution of companies: statutory design of commercial companies.
  • Identification and evaluation of opportunities.
  • Constitution of companies: entities of social economy and autonomous work.
  • Determinants of innovation: tangible resources, intangible resources, diversification, internationalisation, cooperation, sectorial factors, public incentives for innovation.
  • Relationship of innovation with other economic factors: quality management, corporate governance, corporate restructuring, social networks.
  • Sources of information for innovation, methods of generating innovations, appropriateness of results, product innovation, process innovation, radical innovation, incremental innovation, innovation patterns, open innovation.
  • Innovation direction: technological policies (effects of additionality and substitution of subsidies for R & D), recruitment of doctors and knowledge transfer, social capital and innovation, absorption capacity, development of innovations in cooperation with users, innovations in the BOP.
  • Development and launch of new products. Open Innovation.

Family Business

  • Government and succession process in the family business.
  • Financial decisions (investment, financing and dividends), design of governance system and valuation of the family business.
  • Effects of family control on the accumulation of funds.
  • Family control, life cycle and political connections.
  • Family business protocols.
  • Taxation of family business.
  • Analysis of the interactions of the internationalisation and innovation strategy of family businesses with the characteristics, abilities and resources of the entrepreneur.
  • Background and consequences of the restructuring and downsizing decisions in the family business.

Business Strategy

  • Strategic plans, competitive strategy and strategic alignment.
  • Diversification strategies, business internationalisation and vertical integration.
  • Changes in the business portfolio, organisational changes, massive layoffs, downsizing, retrenchment.
  • Corporate crisis management: business failure, reorganization, bankruptcy, labour and fiscal aspects.
  • Investment decisions, capital structure, dividend policy and corporate valuation.
  • Determinants and effects of strategic change in SMEs.
  • Organizational Design: motivation, coordination, leadership.
  • Analysis of the impact of human capital management on organizational performance. Development of instruments for the audit of human capital.
  • Organizational behaviour analysis.
  • The role of the manager in business strategy: internationalisation.
  • Strategic change management.

Business Process Design

  • Purchasing and supply management, production management systems, logistics…
  • Commercial credit policy, working capital management, financial management of SMEs, financial capacity of SMEs…
  • Contribution of support technologies to business management, technology solutions for customer relationship management (CRM).
  • Accounting information systems: Financial and corporate accounting; Management accounting.
  • Analysis of human capital in quality strategies. Models of Human Capital Management.
  • Development of tools to evaluate organizational behaviour. Analysis of employees of Temporary Employment Agencies (TEA).                                                   

Legal Instruments of Business Activity

  • Recruitment in the business field: civil, commercial and labour aspects.
  • Settlement of disputes: mediation, arbitration, conciliation and collective bargaining.
  • Reduction of administrative and tax litigation.
  • Changes in the position of the employer, subcontracting and outsourcing, subsidiarisation strategies and new forms of work organization.
  • Economic concentration and legal-organizational plurality, participation in the company and labour mobility.
  • Working time, organisation of human resources, work-life balance and social protection.
  • Legal aspects of business accounting and taxation. Simplification of tax burdens.
  • Antitrust law, in the broad sense: law against unfair competition, trademark law, industrial design and advertising.

Market Behaviour

  • Econometric models of market response and consumer behaviour, role of market orientation, entrepreneurial orientation and innovative orientation in business performance.
  • Environmental Marketing: Background and consequences, management strategies for bio-business
  • Behaviour of markets and consumers; Strategies and procedures for the location of points of sale; Customer relationship strategy, behaviour and online strategy.
  • Consumer loyalty to brands and distributors, category management at the point of sales and store brands.
  • Business management of claims and complaints.
  • Merchandising linked to points of sale and commercial distribution.
  • Electronic markets: Use of new technologies in the consumer decision process (information search, reservation and payment). Analysis of perceived quality, customer satisfaction and attitudes).
  • Electronic word of mouth analysis (eWOM).
  • Tourism services market.
  • Capital markets: Analysis of market efficiency and asset valuation.

Economic Environment and Business Decisions

  • Economic analysis of markets.
  • Experimental economics.
  • Predictability of financial series.
  • Risk management.
  • Effect of the environment on organisational decisions of the company and determinants of business behaviour.
  • Decision theory (preferences, orders, optimisation) on the theoretical aspects, and its application to economic and political decisions. Intergenerational justice.
  • Modelling decisions of economic agents (with and without certainty).
  • Theory of mathematical utility: measuring the consensus in the preferences of the agents.
  • General balance, game theory.
  • Analysis of economic consequences of oil shocks.

Corporate Governance

  • Social bodies: functioning and responsibility of administrators. Social capital, changes and legal repercussions in the company. Structural modifications. Analysis of the Board of Directors.
  • Ownership structure, internal mechanisms for corporate governance; Effect of the legal system on financial decisions and corporate governance; Effect of the orientation of the financial system (to the market or the banking sector) on financial decisions and corporate governance; Effect of the corporate governance system on the company’s R&D decisions.
  • Corporate Social Responsibility: board structure and socially responsible behaviour; CSR practices in multinational companies; Managerial profile and CSR; Stakeholder analysis, social innovation; Economic efficiency and environmental management.
  • Determinants and Consequences of Corporate Reputation.